- Vanadium oxide is used to fix dyes to fabrics, as a catalyst, and for the manufacturing of ceramics.
- It is corrosion resistant.
- Steel alloyed with vanadium is tough, shock resistant, and vibration resistant.
- It is used in making superconductive magnets.
- Alloys including vanadium are used for jet engines.
- Emeralds are green because they contain vanadium.
- NASA’s xenon ion drive engine propels spacecraft on deep space mission by ejecting xenon ions at over 88,000 miles per hour (146,000 kilometers per hour).
- It is typically inert, but both of its oxides are highly explosive.
- Camera flash is produced by electricity being passed through xenon.
- Medical imaging and anesthetics use it.
- Ultra-bright car headlights use xenon.
- Some steels contain ytterbium to improve some mechanical properties.
- It is a safer and cleaner industrial catalyst.
- It is a dopant in fiber optic cables and lasers.
- Ytterbium-160 is used in portable x-ray machines which don’t need electricity.
- Yttrium iron garnets are used in microwave filters. They are also highly efficient in transmitting and transducing acoustic energy.
- Its oxide, along with yttrium vanadate and europium, are used to make red phosphors in television tubes.
- It reduces the grain size of chromium, molybdenum, zirconium, and titanium to increase their strength.
- It galvanizes other metals to prevent oxidation.
- An oxide film forms on it which protects it from corrosion.
- Zinc sulfide is used in fluorescent lights and x-ray screens.
- Toothpastes and mouthwashes contain zinc.
- Combined with copper, it forms brass.
- It is the fourth most widely used metal.
- Paints, cosmetics, and inks use it.
- All living things need it.
- It is highly corrosion resistant.
- Nuclear power plants use it.
- Zirconium-niobium alloys are used to make superconductor magnets.
- Lotions for treating poison ivy use zirconium.
- Its oxide is used for producing strong ceramics.